Mark 1:21 says “Then they went into Capernaum, ….”. In 2018, I had the privilege of visiting Israel and traced these foot steps of Jesus and His disciples at Capernaum.
Why are we so sure that that these are the same places recorded in the scriptures? The fact is – no one will be sure because it has been >2,000 years. But there are some tell-tale signs that give us some clues. For example, in every town, there is only 1 synagogue. Here in Capernaum, we see the remnants of this one synagogue recorded in Mark 1:21 “Then they went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath He entered the synagogue and taught.”
The narrative continues to tell us how Jesus & His disciples came out of the synagogue and entered the house of Simon & Andrew (Mark 1:29). Not far from the synagogue is a little set of ruins – which was apparently the village where Simon lived.
Mark 1:32-34 continues to tell us that Jesus healed those who were sick and demon-possessed – all these taking place in that little town where Peter lived.
And it all links well that these places were all in the vicinity of Galilee. It was so thrilling that I could set foot on the places which our Lord Jesus walked when He was on earth.
While I am no scholar, the existence of the land of Israel and all that is recorded that happened on it is, to me, great proof of the reality of Jesus and the truths of the bible. Therefore, we cannot and should not ignore the message of the gospel conveyed in the bible.